首页» 师资队伍» 教授 研究员

史 权

发布日期:2014-07-03 

  

 
  •  个人简况:
毕业于中国石油大学(北京)化学工程专业,获学士学位,就职于中国石油大学(北京)重质油国家重点实验室。工作期间获得了中国石油大学(北京)的化学工程硕士学位和中国地质大学(北京)的能源地质工程博士学位。
研究方向涉及石油化学、煤化学、质谱分析、石油及环境地球化学等。
重质油国家重点实验室实验室副主任,实验室分析测试中心主任。
 
办公地点:化工楼A618
电话:010-89733738
Email: sq@cup.edu.cn;  geochem@vip.sina.com.
 
  •  研究生/博士后/技术人员招聘:
硕士生:化学工程与技术一级学科招生,本科专业背景不限,硕博连读优先。
博士生:有机化学、质谱分析、石油化学、环境科学、石油地球化学等专业背景。
博士后:精密仪器制造、有机合成、大气及水化学、有机地球化学。
技术人员:计算机程序设计、机械制造、分析化学。
实验室具有世界先进的硬件条件和经验丰富的技术队伍,欢迎将科学研究作为个人终生事业的年轻人加入本实验室,在和谐欢乐的集体中创建个人的科研人生。
 
  •  教学:
《仪器分析与实验》
《科技论文写作》
 
  •  研究兴趣:
从分子水平认识化石燃料、环境腐殖质等复杂体系的分子组成,及其在自然环境和化工过程中的迁移、转化规律。关键技术问题是复杂体系分子组成分析方法的开发与应用,科学实质是碳、硫、氧、氮等元素在自然界及人为活动中的循环规律。
 
  •  研究方向:
1)石油组成与转化化学
从分子水平认识石油,尤其是重质油的分子组成,包括石油中的烃类和非烃类化合物。研究石油分子在分离过程的走向及化学加工过程中的转化规律。相关研究需要先进分析技术作为支撑。
2)煤化学
煤及煤的液化产物分子组成,开发低阶煤抽提物及中低温煤焦油的分析方法,系统研究这一复杂体系的分子组成及各种类型化合物在加氢处理过程中的转化规律。
3)基于分子管理的石油加工技术
石油化工是一个相对成熟的技术领域,但是微小的优化空间却存在巨大的商业价值,从分子水平开发石油及石油产品的性质预测及转化模型,可以实现炼化过程的分子管理,是炼化优化的终极目标。相关工作主要集中在分子管理技术的基础理论和方法学研究。
4)色谱/质谱分析技术
色谱是实现混合物分离的最高效分离技术,质谱可以提供最重要的分子组成信息,有效运用色谱和质谱技术是研究复杂有机混合物分子组成的基础。研究内容主要涉及复杂基质中微量化合物的分离方法,难电离化合物质谱软电离技术,基于质谱技术的复杂混合物定量分析方法等。
5)石油地球化学
石油是自然界中碳循环的一个重要部分,每一个石油分子都经历过一个漫长而复杂的化学转化过程,复杂的石油分子组成背后隐藏着丰富的石油成因及成藏信息,包括生物前驱物、沉积环境、成岩作用、热演化程度及演化历史、运移、水洗作用、生物降解等。发现和研究生物标志物组成是石油地球化学研究的重要内容,揭示有机质在漫长地质历史中的演化过程,为石油工业的勘探和开发提供理论指导。
6)环境地球化学
将石油化学研究中形成的分析方法应用于环境样品的分子组成分析,从地球化学角度认识环境有机质的分子组成、来源、迁移及转化规律。重点研究(类)腐殖质类复杂混合物的分子组成,研究对象包括大气气溶胶、水中可溶有机质(DOM)及土壤腐殖质等。DOM的来源包括工业废水、城市污水、环境水体、海水、冰川融水等。
 
 

研究方向及相互关系示意图
 
  •    主要成绩
1)仪器分析平台建设
针对小分子复杂有机体系分子组成分析,建成一个仪器分析平台,主要包括3个子平台:1)气相色谱仪:12台,包括多种选择性检测器,如SCD, NCD, PFPD, AED(2),能够满足多种元素的选择性检测需要,特别适用于化石燃料中微量硫、氮、氧及金属杂原子化合物的分子组成分析。2)气相色谱-质谱联用仪:6台,包括单四极杆、三重四极杆、飞行时间质谱检测器;场致电离(FI)和电子轰击(EI)电离源。3)高分辨质谱:3台,包括傅立叶变换离子回旋共振质谱仪(FT-ICR MS)、电场轨道阱质谱仪(Orbitrap)、离子淌度-飞行时间高分辨质谱仪(tims TOF MS),3台高分辨质谱均能与液相色谱联用,其功能具有很好的互补性,是目前分析化石燃料和环境腐殖质类样品分子组成最理想的仪器平台。
2)石油分子组成分析方法及应用
围绕石油组分在质谱分析中的电离难题,开发了一系列基于电喷雾电离技术的石油组分分析方法,如饱和烃的氧化衍生化、含硫化合物的甲基衍生化、加成衍生化及选择性氧化等方法。实现了对石油中不同类型化合物的选择性分析,以及复杂基质中微量化合物的高灵敏检测。一些应用型分析方法包括:环境溢油样品的快速分析、润滑油中微量多环芳烃的定量分析、石油中性氮化物分离与分析方法等。相关方法广泛应用于原油、馏分油及加工产物的分子组成分析。
3)石油化学新认识
从分子层次阐明了石油胶质、沥青质的化学组成,提出重质油的小分子概念。揭示了重质油分子组成的多样性,馏分油化学组成分类方法不适于重质油分子的分类研究。鉴定出多种新型石油生物标志化合物,对石油中镍、钒元素的存在形态取得了新认识。从分子层次揭示了不同类型杂原子化合物在热转化和加氢等典型石油加工过程中的转化规律。
4)环境化学分析方法及新认识
以石油样品组成分析的经验积累为基础,依托高分辨质谱技术,开发出适用于环境腐殖质类化合物的分子组成的分析方法,主要包括样品富集与脱杂质的前处理技术,高分辨质谱分析与数据处理方法。研究了北京地区典型雾霾天气气溶胶有机质的组成特征,鉴定出大量高缩合度多环芳烃及有机硫酸酯类化合物,发现化石燃料排放与雾霾相关性的重要证据。鉴定出新型自来水消毒副产物;深入认识了煤及石油化工废水中有机质分子组成及在水处理工艺中的转化规律。
5)煤焦油分子组成研究
建立了一系列煤及其液化产物的分离、分析方法,系统研究了煤焦油分子组成,从分子层面揭示了焦油沥青中大量氧元素的存在形态;深入研究了煤抽提物及液化产物分子组成,以及不同类型化合物在加氢精制过程中的转化规律。
 
  •   近期开展的主要工作
w   石油分子地球化学实验新技术、新方法
w   石油组成分析的分离技术与质谱方法学
w   石油组分的质谱分析电离方法
w   重质油分子组成定量分析方法及应用
w   基于分子管理的炼化优化技术
w   重质油中杂原子化合物转化规律
w   石油分子组成及转化模型
w   工业污水中有机质分子组成及其在净化处理过程中的转化规律
w   气溶胶有机化合物组成分析及污染源识别

  •   技术专利
 
1.  一种分离石油组分中含硫化合物的方法. ZL2011410038248.7
2.  一种分离与分析石油组分中非碱性氮化合物的方法. ZL201510151572.4
3.  一种分离石油中硫醇化合物分子组成的方法. 201510630019.9 (申请号)
4.  一种芳香族化合物分子组成的分析方法及其应用. 201510888203.3 (申请号)
5.  一种多环芳烃含量的分析方法及其应用. 201510887902.6 (申请号)
 
  •   发表论文/专著:
1.   Chunming Xu, and Quan Shi, eds.Structure and Modeling of Complex Petroleum Mixtures. (Structure and Bonding Vol. 168). Springer, 2016.
2.   Quan Shi, Jiawei Wang, Xibin Zhou, Chunming Xu, Suoqi Zhao, and Keng H. Chung. "Ruthenium Ion-Catalyzed Oxidation for Petroleum Molecule Structural Features: A Review." InStructure and Modeling of Complex Petroleum Mixtures, pp. 71-91. Springer, 2015.
3.   Zhentao Chen, Linzhou Zhang, Suoqi Zhao, Quan Shi, and Chunming Xu. "Molecular Structure and Association Behavior of Petroleum Asphaltene." In Structure and Modeling of Complex Petroleum Mixtures, pp. 1-38. Springer, 2015.
4.   Xu Zhao, Chunming Xu, and Quan Shi. "Porphyrins in Heavy Petroleums: A Review." InStructure and Modeling of Complex Petroleum Mixtures, pp. 39-70. Springer, 2015.
5.   Zhen Hou, Linzhou Zhang, Scott R. Horton, Quan Shi, Suoqi Zhao, Chunming Xu, and Michael T. Klein. "Molecular-Level Composition and Reaction Modeling for Heavy Petroleum Complex System." InStructure and Modeling of Complex Petroleum Mixtures, pp. 93-119. Springer, 2015.
 
Peer-Reviewed Papers:
2016
1.   Wang, M., Zhao, S., Liu, X., and Shi, Q.*, Molecular Characterization of Thiols in Fossil Fuels by Michael Addition Reaction Derivatization and Electrospray Ionization Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry. Analytical Chemistry, 2016. DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.6b02997.
2.   Lu, J., Zhang, Y., and Shi, Q.*, Ionizing Aromatic Compounds in Petroleum by Electrospray with HCOONH4 as Ionization Promoter. Analytical Chemistry, 2016. 88(7): 3471-3475.
3.   Ren, L., Han, Y., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Y., Meng, X., and Shi, Q.*, Spray Injection Direct Analysis in Real Time (DART) Ionization for Petroleum Analysis. Energy & Fuels, 2016. 30(6): 4486-4493.
4.   Zhou, X., Zhao, S., and Shi, Q.*, Quantitative Molecular Characterization of Petroleum Asphaltenes Derived Ruthenium Ion Catalyzed Oxidation Product by ESI FT-ICR MS. Energy & Fuels, 2016. 30(5): 3758-3767.
5.   Ma, S., Ma, C., Qian, K., Zhou, Y., and Shi, Q.*, Characterization of Phenolic Compounds in Coal Tar by Gas Chromatography/NegativeIon Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 2016.30(15): 1806-1810.
6.   Wang, X., Wang, J., Zhang, Y., Shi, Q., Zhang, H., Zhang, Y., and Yang, M.*, Characterization of Unknown Iodinated Disinfection Byproducts During Chlorination/Chloramination Using Ultrahigh Resolution Mass Spectrometry. Science of The Total Environment, 2016. 554–555: 83-88.
7.   Feng, S., Zhang, L., Wang, S.*, Nadykto, A. B., Xu, Y., Shi, Q., Jiang, B., and Qian, W., Characterization of Dissolved Organic Nitrogen in Wet Deposition from Lake Erhai Basin by Using Ultrahigh Resolution FT-ICR Mass Spectrometry. Chemosphere, 2016. 156: 438-445.
8.   Jiang, B., Kuang, B., Liang, Y.*, Zhang, J., Huang, H., Xu, C., Yu, J. Z.*, and Shi, Q.*, Molecular Composition of Urban Organic Aerosols on Clear and Hazy Days in Beijing: A Comparative Study Using FT-ICR MS. Environmental Chemistry, 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/EN15230.
 
2015
2.   Li, Y., Fang, Z., He, C., Zhang, Y., Xu, C., Chung, K. H., and Shi, Q.*, Molecular Characterization and Transformation of Dissolved Organic Matter in Refinery Wastewater from Water Treatment Processes: Characterization by Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry. Energy & Fuels, 2015. 29(11): 6956-6963.
3.   Wang, M., Zhu, G., Ren, L., Liu, X., Zhao, S., and Shi, Q.*, Separation and Characterization of Sulfur Compounds in Ultra-Deep Formation Crude Oils from Tarim Basin. Energy & Fuels, 2015. 29(8): 4842-4849.
4.   Liu, H., Mu, J., Wang, Z., Ji, S., Shi, Q., Guo, A., Chen, K., and Lu, J., Characterization of Vanadyl and Nickel Porphyrins Enriched from Heavy Residues by Positive-Ion Electrospray Ionization FT-ICR Mass Spectrometry. Energy & Fuels, 2015. 29(8): 4803-4813.
5.   Li, Y., Xu, C., Chung, K. H., and Shi, Q.*, Molecular Characterization of Dissolved Organic Matter and Its Subfractions in Refinery Process Water by Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry. Energy & Fuels, 2015. 29(5): 2923-2930.
6.   Liu, T., Lu, J., Zhao, X., Zhou, Y.*, Wei, Q., Xu, C., Zhang, Y., Ding, S., Zhang, T., Tao, X., Ju, L., and Shi, Q., Distribution of Vanadium Compounds in Petroleum Vacuum Residuum and Their Transformations in Hydrodemetallization. Energy & Fuels, 2015. 29(4): 2089-2096.
7.   Wang, M., Zhao, S., Chung, K. H., Xu, C., and Shi, Q.*, Approach for Selective Separation of Thiophenic and Sulfidic Sulfur Compounds from Petroleum by Methylation/Demethylation. Analytical Chemistry, 2015.87(2): 1083-1088.
8.   Ni, H., Hsu, C. S., Lee, P., Wright, J., Chen, R., Xu, C., and Shi, Q.*, Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction of Petroleum on Kieselguhr. Fuel, 2015.141: 74-81.
9.   Han, Y., Ren, L., Xu, K., Yang, F., Li, Y., Cheng, T., Kang, X., Xu, C., and Shi, Q.*, Supercritical Fluid Extraction with Carbon Nanotubes as a Solid Collection Trap for the Analysis of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Their Derivatives. Journal of Chromatography A, 2015.1395: 1-6.
 
2014
1.   史权*, 张亚和, 徐春明, 赵锁奇, 石油组分高分辨质谱分析进展与展望. 中国科学:化学, 2014. 44(5): 694-700.
2.   Lu, H., Shi, Q.*, Ma, Q. L., Shi, Y., Liu, J. Z., Sheng, G. Y., and Peng, P. A., Molecular Characterization of Sulfur Compounds in Some Specieal Sulfur-Rich Chinese Crude Oils by FT-ICR MS. Science China Earth Sciences, 2014.57(6): 1158-1167.
3.   Zhao, X., Shi, Q., Gray, M. R., and Xu, C.*, New Vanadium Compounds in Venezuela Heavy Crude Oil Detected by Positive-Ion Electrospray Ionization Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry. Scientific Reports, 2014.4.
4.   Zhang, Y., Zhang, L., Xu, Z., Zhang, N., Chung, K. H., Zhao, S., Xu, C., and Shi, Q.*, Molecular Characterization of Vacuum Resid and Its Fractions by Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry with Various Ionization Techniques. Energy and Fuels, 2014.28(12): 7448-7456.
5.   Zhang, L., Zhao, S., Xu, Z., Chung, K. H., Zhao, C., Zhang, N., Xu, C., and Shi, Q.*, Molecular Weight and Aggregation of Heavy Petroleum Fractions Measured by Vapor Pressure Osmometry and a Hindered Stepwise Aggregation Model. Energy and Fuels, 2014.28(10): 6179-6187.
6.   Zhou, X., Zhang, Y., Zhao, S., Chung, K. H., Xu, C., and Shi, Q.*, Characterization of Saturated Hydrocarbons in Vacuum Petroleum Residua: Redox Derivatization Followed by Negative-Ion Electrospray Ionization Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry. Energy and Fuels, 2014.28(1): 417-422.
7.   Zhang, L., Hou, Z., Horton, S. R., Klein, M. T.*, Shi, Q., Zhao, S., and Xu, C., Molecular Representation of Petroleum Vacuum Resid. Energy and Fuels, 2014.28(3): 1736-1749.
8.   Bi, Y., Wang, G., Shi, Q., Xu, C., and Gao, J., Compositional Changes During Hydrodeoxygenation of Biomass Pyrolysis Oil. Energy and Fuels, 2014.28(4): 2571-2580.
9.   Zhang, L., Zhang, Y., Zhao, S., Chung, K. H., Xu, C., and Shi, Q.*, Effect of Apodization on FT-ICR Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Petroleum. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 2014.373: 27-33.
10.Zhang, H., Zhang, Y., Shi, Q., Zheng, H., and Yang, M.*, Characterization of Unknown Brominated Disinfection Byproducts During Chlorination Using Ultrahigh Resolution Mass Spectrometry. Environmental Science and Technology, 2014.48(6): 3112-3119.
11.Jiang, B., Liang, Y.*, Xu, C., Zhang, J., Hu, M., and Shi, Q.*, Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (Pahs) in Ambient Aerosols from Beijing: Characterization of Low Volatile Pahs by Positive-Ion Atmospheric Pressure Photoionization (APPI) Coupled with Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance. Environmental Science and Technology, 2014.48(9): 4716-4723.
 
2013
1.   徐春明, 刘洋, 赵锁奇, 史权, 石油沥青质中杂原子化合物的高分辨质谱分析.中国石油大学学报(自然科学版), 2013(05): p. 190-195.
5.   Shi, Q.*, Pan, N., Long, H., Cui, D., Guo, X., Long, Y., Chung, K. H., Zhao, S., Xu, C., and Hsu, C. S.*, Characterization of Middle-Temperature Gasification Coal Tar. Part 3: Molecular Composition of Acidic Compounds. Energy & Fuels, 2013. 27(1): p. 108-117.
8.   Zhang, L., Shi, Q.*, Zhao, C., Zhang, N., Chung, K. H., Xu, C., and Zhao, S.*, Hindered Stepwise Aggregation Model for Molecular Weight Determination of Heavy Petroleum Fractions by Vapor Pressure Osmometry (VPO). Energy & Fuels, 2013. 27(3): p. 1331-1336.
9.   Pan, Y., Liao, Y.*, Shi, Q., and Hsu, C. S., Acidic and Neutral Polar Nso Compounds in Heavily Biodegraded Oils Characterized by Negative-Ion ESI FT-ICR MS. Energy & Fuels, 2013. 27(6): p. 2960-2973.
10.Stevens, D., Shi, Q., and Hsu, C. S.*, Novel Analytical Technique for Petroleum Biomarker Analysis. Energy & Fuels, 2013. 27(1): p. 167-171.
11.Tong, J., Liu, J., Han, X.*, Shi, Q., and Jiang, X., Influence of Heating Rate on Basic Nitrogen-Containing Species Content in Dachengzi Shale Oil Studied by Positive-Ion Electrospray Ionization FT-ICR Mass Spectrometry. Oil Shale, 2013. 30(1): p. 76-89.
12.Wang, L., He, C., Zhang, Y., Zhao, S.*, Chung, K. H., Xu, C., Hsu, C. S., and Shi, Q.*, Characterization of Acidic Compounds in Heavy Petroleum Resid by Fractionation and Negative-Ion Electrospray Ionization Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry Analysis. Energy & Fuels, 2013. 27(8): p. 4555-4563.
13.Wang, S., Yang, C., Xu, C., Zhao, S., and Shi, Q.*, Separation and Characterization of Petroleum Asphaltene Fractions by ESI FT-ICR MS and UV-Vis Spectrometer. Science China Chemistry, 2013. 56(7): p. 856-862.
14.Yang, B., Xu, C., Zhao, S., Hsu, C., Chung, K., and Shi, Q.*, Thermal Transformation of Acid Compounds in High Tan Crude Oil. Science China Chemistry, 2013. 56(7): p. 848-855.
16.Hsu, C*. and Shi, Q., Prospects for Petroleum Mass Spectrometry and Chromatography. Science China Chemistry, 2013. 56(7): p. 833-839.
17.Wang, L., He, C., Liu, Y., Zhao, S., Zhang, Y., Xu, C., Chung, K., and Shi, Q.*, Effects of Experimental Conditions on the Molecular Composition of Maltenes and Asphaltenes Derived from Oilsands Bitumen: Characterized by Negative-Ion ESI FT-ICR MS. Science China Chemistry, 2013. 56(7): p. 863-873.
18.Zhang, L., Li, S., Han, L., Sun, X., Xu, Z., Shi, Q., Xu, C., and Zhao, S.*, Coking Reactivity of Laboratory-Scale Unit for Two Heavy Petroleum and Their Supercritical Fluid Extraction Subfractions. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 2013. 52(16): p. 5593-5600.
 
2012
 
2011
1.   Zhu, X., Shi, Q.*, Zhang, Y., Pan, N., Xu, C.*, Chung, K. H., and Zhao, S., Characterization of Nitrogen Compounds in Coker Heavy Gas Oil and Its Subfractions by Liquid Chromatographic Separation Followed by Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry. Energy & Fuels, 2011. 25(1): p. 281-287.
3.   Zhang, Y., Shi, Q.*, Li, A., Chung, K. H., Zhao, S., and Xu, C.*, Partitioning of Crude Oil Acidic Compounds into Subfractions by Extrography and Identification of Isoprenoidyl Phenols and Tocopherols. Energy & Fuels, 2011. 25(11): p. 5083-5089.
4.   Liu, P., Shi, Q.*, Pan, N., Zhang, Y., Chung, K. H., Zhao, S., and Xu, C.*, Distribution of Sulfides and Thiophenic Compounds in Vgo Subfractions: Characterized by Positive-Ion Electrospray Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry. Energy & Fuels, 2011. 25(7): p. 3014-3020.
5.   Liu, D.*, Fu, Y., Deng, W., Shi, Q.*, Ma, K., Hou, T., and Wu, C., FT-ICR Ms Analysis of Nitrogen-Containing Compounds in the Products of Liaohe Atmospheric Residue Hydrocracking. Energy & Fuels, 2011. 26(1): p. 624-628.
6.   Li, Z.-k., Wang, G.*, Shi, Q., Xu, C.-m., and Gao, J.-s., Retardation Effect of Basic Nitrogen Compounds on Hydrocarbons Catalytic Cracking in Coker Gas Oil and Their Structural Identification. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 2011. 50(7): p. 4123-4132.
7.   Li, Z.-k., Gao, J.-s., Wang, G.*, Shi, Q., and Xu, C.-m., Influence of Nonbasic Nitrogen Compounds and Condensed Aromatics on Coker Gas Oil Catalytic Cracking and Their Characterization. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 2011. 50(15): p. 9415-9424.
 
2010
2.   潘娜, 史权*, 徐春明, 刘鹏, 张亚和, 何俊辉, and 赵锁奇, 直馏柴油中硫化物甲基锍盐合成及电喷雾-高分辨质谱分析.色谱, 2010. 38(3): p. 413-416.
 
2009
 
2008