Department of Geology

Dr. Benzhong Xian

Professor,Department of Geology,College of Geosciences, China University of Petroleum (Beijing) Room 701, Geol. Building

Tel: +86 010 89731178 (O)         Mailcode: 102249

Mailing Address: 18 Fuxue Rd., Changping District, Beijing






Ph.D. in Sedimentology, University of Petroleum, China


M.S. in Stratigraphy, University of Petroleum, China


B.S. in Petroleum Geology, University of Petroleum, China



Professional Positions


Professor, Department of Geology, China University of Petroleum (Beijing)

2016.06 –2018.06

Associate Professor, Chairman of Department of Geology, China University of Petroleum (Beijing)

2013.09 –2016.06

Associate Professor, China University of Petroleum (Beijing)



Visiting Scholar in Jackson School of Geoscience, University of Texas at Austin, USA

2012.02 - 2012.08

Assistant Project Manager in National Natural Science Foundation of China

2007.03 - 2012.01

Associate Professor, China University of Petroleum (Beijing)

2004.07 - 2007. 02


Post-Doctoral Research Associate in Sinopec Inc.

Areas of research

Research Directions:

  • Sedimentology
  • Sequence stratigraphy and basin analysis
  • Reservoir Geology

Present research interests:

  • Sediment Gravity Flow and Deep-water Sedimentation
  • Sequence Stratigraphy
  • Shale Gas/oil and Tight Reservoir
  • Volcanic Eruption Style and Reservoir Evaluation in sedimentary basins


Program supervised for

  • Master of Science in Sedimentology, Sequence Stratigraphy and Basin Research
  • Master of Engineering in Petroleum Geology
  • Ph.D of Science in Sedimentology, Sequence Stratigraphy and Basin Research



For undergraduate students

  • Lithofacies Paleogeography, 2015-present
  • Field Geology, 2008-present
  • Physical Geology, 2008-2012
  • Sedimentary Rocks and Sedimentary Facies, 2007-2012

For graduate students

  • Field Geology, 2016-present
  • Sequence Stratigraphy, 2013- present
  • Sedimentary Dynamics, 2009-2015
  • Principles of Sedimentology, 2011-2012


Awards and Honors

  • The special prize of Teaching Progress, ChinesePetroleum Education Society, 2017
  • The 1st prize of Teaching Progress, ChinesePetroleum Education Society, 2017
  • The 1st prize of No. 10 Outstanding Teaching Progress, ChinaPetroleum University (Beijing), 2017
  • Excellent management award, Geoscience College of ChinaPetroleum University (Beijing), 2017
  • Excellent coach award of Field Geology Contest of National College Student, 2016
  • The 2nd prize of No. 9 Outstanding Teaching Progress, ChinaPetroleum University (Beijing), 2015
  • The 2nd prize of No. 7 Outstanding Teaching Progress, ChinaPetroleum University (Beijing), 2011
  • Outstanding Young Teachers  in China University of Petroleum, 2011
  • The 1st prize of No. 6 Outstanding Teaching Progress, ChinaPetroleum University (Beijing), 2008
  • The 2nd prize of Science and Technology Progress, China Ministry of Education, 2008
  • The 1st prize of Science and Technology Progress, Shandong province, China, 2003


Publications (Peer Reviewed, *-corresponding author)

  • 2018
  • Xian, B*, He, Y., Liu, J., Niu, H.. Identification of hydrovolcanisms and its significance for hydrocarbon reservoir: A review. Journal of Paleogeography, 2018, Aceepted.
  • Wang, Z., Xian, B.*, Ma. L.,Chao, C, Pu, Q., Mapping sediment-dispersal characteristics of Neogene deltas using seismic Geomorphology, Liaodongdong Area, Bohai Bay Basin, China. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects. 2018,2265-2276.
  • Xian, B.*, Liu, J., Wang, J., Dong. Y., Li, Y., Yan, Q., Liu, Y. Using of stratal slicing in delineating delta-turbidite systems in Eocene Dongying depression, Bohai Bay Basin: Insights for the evolution of multi-source delta-turbidite systems in a fourth order sequence, Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 2018, 168: 495-506 DOI: 10.1016/j.petrol.2018.05.043.
  • Xian, B.*, Wang, J., Liu, J., Yin, Y., Chao, C. Classification and sedimentary characteristics of lacustrine hyperpycnal channels: Triassic outcrops in the south Ordos Basin, central China. Sedimentary Geology. 2018368, 68-82. . DOI: 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2018.01.003
  • Wang, J., Jiang, Z., Xian, B., Chen, J., Wang, X., Xu, W., Liu, H. A method to define the palaeowind strength from lacustrine parameters. Sedimentology, 2018, 65, 461–491.DOI: 10.1111/sed.12388
  • Xian, B.*, Wang, J., Liu, J., Dong, Y., Gong, C., Lu, Z. Delta–fed turbidites in a lacustrine rift basin: The Eocene Dongying Depression, Bohai Bay Basin, East China. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 2018, 65(1): 135-151. DOI: 10.1080/08120099.2018.1401558
  • 2017
  • 2016
  • 2015
  • 2014
  • Xian, B., Zhu, X., Yue, D.,Zheng, X. Current hot topics and advances of sedimentology:A summary from 19th International Sedimentological Congress. Journal of Palaeogeography, 2014,16, 816-826.
  • Xian, B., Lu, Z., She, Y., Wang, X., Wang, L., Huang, H. Sedimentary and reservoir characteristics of glutenite in Yan 18-Yong 921 area, steep slope of Dongying Sag. Lithologic Reservoirs, 2014, 26, 28-35.28-35
  • Xian, B., An, S., Shi, W. Subaqueous debris flow: hotspots and advances of deep-water sedimentation. Geology Review, 2014,60(1): 39-51.
  • Dong, Y., Zhu, X., Xian, B.,Cheng, K., Wang, P. Mapping sediment-dispersal characteristics using seismic geomorphology: Late Paleogene to Neogene, Qinan Sag, Huanghua Depression, China. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2014, 54(6):180-197.DOI: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.03.008
  • 2013
  • Xian, B., Wan, J., Dong, Y., Ma, Q., Zhang, J.Sedimentary characteristics, origin and model of lacustrine deep-water massive sandstonean example from DongyingFormation in NanpuDepression. ActaPetrologicaSinica, 2013, 29(9): 3287-3299. WOS:000326552900026.
  • Xian, B., Niu, H., Zhu, X., Dong, G., Zhu, S., An, S. Early Permian volcanic lithology, lithofacies and their relations to reservoir in northwestern Margin of the Junggar Basin. Geological Journal of China Universities, 2013, 19(1): 46-55.
  • Zhang, J., Jiang, Z.,Xian, B., Li, Z., Wan, J., Wang, S. The discovery and significance of lacustrine environment-delta in Minghuazhen formation, Nanpu sag. Journal of Northeast Petroleum University, 2013,37(6): 18-24.
  • Wan, J.,Xian, B., Li, Z., Zhang, J.,Jiang, Z., Wang, J. Different levels of rift activity and its impact on deposition in offshore area, Nanpu Sag. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica, 2013, 31(6): 1059-1069.
  • 2012
  • Dong, G., Zhang, Q., Zhu, X., Xian, B., Zhu, S., Niu, H., Chen, Q.Current status and problems of volcanic reservoir study: an example from the Lower Permian volcanic rocks inKe-Xia area of Junggar Basin. Oil & Gas Geology, 2012,(4): 511-519.
  • Xian, B., Wan, J., Jiang, Z. et al. Sedimentary characteristics and model of gravity flow deposition in the depressed belt of rift lacustrine basin: a case study from DongyingRormation in Nanpu depression. Earth Science Frontiers, 2012,19(1):121-135.
  • Zhu, S., Zhu, X., Liu,J., Yao, Y., Xian, B.,Niu, H., Zhao, C. Genesis and hydrocarbon significance of vesicular welded tuffs: A case study from the Fengcheng Formation, Wu-Xia area, Junggar Basin, NW China. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 2012, 39(2): 173-183.
  • Yao, Y.,Xiong, J., Wang, Y., Zhang, Z., Wang, L.,Xian, B., Lu, S., Zhang, B. An introduction of the projects adminstrated by the division of geology, Department of Earth Sciences, National Natural Science Foundation of China in 2012. Advances in Earth Science, 2012, 27(12): 1389-1393.
  • 2011
  • Xian, B., Wu, C., She, Y. Fluid abnormal overpressure and its influence on deep clastic reservoir of the Paleogen in Chenzhen sag of Dongying, Shandong Province. Journal of Paleogeography, 2011, 13(3): 309-316.
  • Wan, J., Xian, B., She, Y., Yang, L. Paleobathymetric reconstruction based on natural gamma ray spectrometry logging data_by taking Bachu formation in Gegion-4 of Tahe Oilfield for example. Journal of Oil and Gas Technology, 2011, 33(6): 98-103.
  • Zhu, X,Ji, H.,Xie, Q., Zhang, Q.,Xian, B., Dong, Y., Zhu, S. Explore of development of sedimentary rock, a state-excellent course. Journal of China University of Petroleum (Social Science Edition), 2011, S2, 78-80.
  • 2010
  • Xian, B. Zhu, X. Teaching reform on the course of sedimentary rocks guided by constructivism's learning theory. Chinese Geological Education, 2010, (4): 104-108.
  • Zhu, X., Zhu, S.,Xian, B., Chen, S., Kuang, L., Xue, X., Xue, J., You, X. Reservoir differences and formation mechanisms in the Ke-Baioverthrust belt, northwestern margin of the Junggar Basin, China. Petroleum Science, 2010,7(1):40-48.
  • Zhu, S., Zhu, X.,Wang, Y.,Xu, Z., Li, D.,Xian, B., Gong, W. Dissolution characteristics and pore evolution of Triassic reservoir in Ke-Bai Area, Northwestern Margin of Junggar Basin. ActaSedimentologicaSinica, 2010, 28(3): 547-555.
  • 2009
  • Qi, L., Bao, Z.,Xian, B., et al. Transformation zone and its control on Jurassic sedimentation in the Northwestern margin of Junggar basin. Xinjiang Petroleum Geology, 2009,30(1): 29-32.
  • Zhu, S., Zhu, X., Xian, B., Li, D. Characteristics and main controlling factors of the Jurassic reservoir in Ke-Bai area, northwesternmargin of Junggar Basin. Journal of Paleogeography, 2009, 11(6):  681-688.
  • 2008
  • Xian, B., Xu, H., Jin,Z., Wang, C., Lu, Y., Huang, L. Sequence stratigraphy and subtle reservoir exploration of Triassic System in northwestern Margin of Junggar Basin.Geologic Journal of Chinese Univerisity, 2008, 14(2): 139-146
  • Xian, B., Wang,Y. Division and correlation of glutenite sedimentary cycles based on base-level restoration using wavelet transform. Journal of the University of Petroleum, China, 2008, 32(6): 1-5, 11.
  • Zheng, S., Xian, B. Sequence stratigraphic framework and model for the Palaeogene strata in the Chezhen depression. Sedimentary Geology and TethyanGeology,2008, 28(1): 48-54.
  • 2007
  • Xian, B., Wang, Y, Sun, L., Zhou, T. Distribution and controlling factors of glutinite bodies in the actic region of a rift basin: an example from Chezhen Sag, Bohai Bay Basin. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 2007, 34(4): 429-436.
  • Sun, Y.,Xian, B., Lin, H. Division of sedimentary cycle of sand-gravel rock mass in steep slope of faulted lake basin.Oil Geophysical Prospecting, 2007,42(4): 468-473.
  • Zhou,T., Xian, B., Lin, H., et al. Sedimentary rules and reservoir characteristics of sublacustrine fan in Paleogene in steep slope of Chezhen Sag. Petroleum Geology and Recovery Efficiency, 2007, 13(2): 23-27.
  • Xie,C., Ma,H., Liang,H., Li,D., Qi,X., Xian,B. Alluvial fan facies and their distribution in the Lower TalangAcar Formation, Northeast Betara Oilfield, Indonesia. Petroleum Science, 2007, 4(2): 18-27.
  • 2006
  • Wang,Y.,Xian, B. Fault structures of northern steep slope belts and their influences on sedimentation and reservoir formation in Chezhen Sag. Petroleum Geology and Recovery Efficiency,2006, 13(6): 5-9.
  • Yang, X., Xian, B., Shu, Q., et al. Hydrocarbon reservoir-forming patterns of Guantao Formation in southwest Gudao Oilfield, Petroleum Geology and Recovery Efficiency,2006, 13(6): 26-29.
  • 2005
  • Xian, B., Jiang, Z. Rising and development of environmental sedimentology. ActaSedimentologicaSinica, 2005, 23(4):133-138.
  • Xian, B., Jiang, Z. Environment evolution and eustatic change of Holocene in the Yellow River delta.Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 2005, 25 (3): 1-8.
  • Xing, H., Jiang, Z., Wang, Y.,Xian, B. Sequence stratigraphy framework of the Shanwang Formation in the Shanwang Basin, Shandong. Journal of Stratigraphy, 2005, 29(1): 46-49.
  • 2004
  • Xian, B., Wu, Z., Jiang, Z., Xing, H., Yang, W., He, Z. Research evolution and development direction in the early diagenesis. Journal of the University of Petroleum, China, 2004, 28(6): 133-139.
  • Zhang,M., Xian, B. Response of sedimentation to structural evolution in Biyang Sag. Journal of Xi’an Petroleum University, 2004, 19(2): 9-12.
  • Jiang, Z., Xian, B.,Hu, S.,Xing, H.,X Song, X. Ice-molten sedimentary structure and its importance in the Yellow River Delta. Geoscience, 2004, 18(3): 276-283
  • Xing, H., Jiang, Z., Wang, Y.,Xian, B. A discussion on sequence stratigraphic resolution. Coal Geology & Exploration, 200432(6): 11-15.
  • He, Z., Kang, Y., Yang, Z., Jiao, L., Yang, S.,Xian, B. Hydrocarbon accumulation in the Yilahu structure and implication for exploration in the Toksun Sag, Turpan-Hami Basin. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 2004, 31(4): 11-14.
  • 2003
  • Xian, B., Jiang, Z., Yang, L., et al.Ice-mud (sand) alternations and their sedimentary structures in the Yellow River delta. 2003, 23 (2): 25-31
  • Xian, B., Jiang, Z., Hu, S., et al. Ice frozen sedimentary structures and their significance for environment in the Yellow River delta. ActaSedimentologicaSinica, 2003, 21(4), 586-592.
  • Xian, B., Jiang, Z., Yang, L., et al. Reservoir prediction of incised valley in Biyang Depression with logging constrained seismic conversion method. Journal of the University of Petroleum, China, 2003, 23 (2): 25-31.
  • Jiang, Z., Xian, B., Chu, B., Song, X., He, Z., Xing, H., Yang, W. Ice-carrying particles and ice-induced sedimentary structures in Yellow River Delta.Journal of Palaeogeography, 2003, 5(3): 343-354.
  • Zhang, M., Xian, B. Application of sequence stratigraphy to the prediction of subtle reservoirs in the Biyang Depression. Petroleum Geology &Experiment, 2003, 25 (4): 395-398.
  • Li, H., Jiang, Z., Xing, H.,Xian, B. Characteristics of storm deposits in upper Triassic Xujiahe Formation, Sichuan basin. Oil & Gas Geology, 2003, 24(1): 81-86.
  • 2002
  • Xian, B., Jiang, Z., Gao, F. Sedimentary systems in the member 2 of Hetaoyuan formation of paleogene in BiyangDepression of Henan province. Journal of Palaeogeography, 2002, (4)2: 31-37.
  • 2001
  • Xian, B., Jiang, Z., Cao, Y., Tu, Y. Discovery of incised valley in southeast of BiyangDepression and its significance. Oil & Gas Geology, 2001, 22(4): 304-308.


recent Research Projects

  • 2019–2022, National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC 41872113)

ProjectTitle: Controls on hyperpycnal flow deposition in lacustrine rift basin from tectonic activity and sediment supply: an example fromDongying Depression of Bohai Bay Basin.

  • 2017–2020, China National Science and Technology Major Project (2017ZX05009-002-005)

ProjectTitle: Geological evaluation methods and applications of various deep water hydrocarbon reservoirs.

  • 2016–2020, China National Science and Technology Major Project (2016ZX05026-007-006)

ProjectTitle: Relationships between fluid dynamics with hydrocarbon accumulation in deep water regions of the northern South China Sea.

  • 2014–2017, National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC 41372117)

ProjectTitle: Depositional characteristics, models and hydrocarbon significance of subaqueous debris flows, take the Dongying Depression of Bohai Bay Basin as an example.

  • 2012–2015, National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC 41172104)

ProjectTitle: Depositional mechanisms and models of sandy-gravely sediment gravity flows developed along the steep slope zone of rift lake basins in Jiyang Depression.

  • 2017–2018, Xinjiang Oil Company Funding

ProjectTitle: Genesis of the analcite minerals and depositional environments of the sand-conglomerate reservoirs in the Permian System of Huanmahu.

  • 2017–2018, Qinghai Oil Company Funding

ProjectTitle: Research test of the exploration technology for tight oil reservoir in Neogene system of the northwestern region of the Qaidam Basin.

  • 2014–2016,Huabei Oilfield Company Funding

ProjectTitle: Characteristics and genesis of the special-rock reservoirs in Erlian Basin.

  • 2015–2016,Shengli Oilfield Company Funding

ProjectTitle: Research on depositional systems from Palaeogene to Neogene in eastern region of the Liaodong Basin.

  • 2011–2015, China National Science and Technology Major Project (2011ZX05014-001)

ProjectTitle: Research on palaeogeomorphologic reconstruction based on seismic data and prediction of fractured and porous zone.

  • 2011–2015, China National Science and Technology Major Project (2011ZX05009-002)

ProjectTitle: Research on sequence stratigraphy and depositional systems in key locations of the Bohai Bay Basin.

  • 2014–2015, Funded by China Petroleum Exploration and Development Institute

ProjectTitle: Seismic data interpretation and depositional system analyses of passive continental margin basins.

  • 2015–2015,Shengli Oilfield Company Funding

ProjectTitle: Prediction and optimization of sediment gravity flow originated hydrocarbon reservoirs in the northern part of the Dongying Delta.

  • 2014–2015,Daqing Oilfield Company Funding

ProjectTitle: Revisit the geological characteristics of the Pu190-167 well area in No. 47 block of the Yongle Oilfield.